A child in any emergency situations, is every parent's nightmare. I know how it feels, I have been there. But here are some really great and helpful videos that will help you, to prepare just a little for an unimaginable situation!
CPR for Baby under 1 year old!
Call 112 or 999 !
1. Open the Airway
- Put one hand on their forehead.
- Tilt their head back.
- Lift their chin.
- If you can see an object in their mouth or nose, try to remove it.
2. Give 5 rescue breaths
Give 5 initial rescue breaths. Each breath should be no longer than 1 second.
How to give a rescue breath:
- Put your mouth over their mouth and nose.
- Blow steadily and firmly into their mouth for no more than 1 second.
- Check that their chest rises.
3. Do 30 chest compressions
Do 30 chest compressions as follows:
- Place two fingers in the middle of their chest.
- Press down one third of the depth of the chest and release.
- Do 30 of these at a steady rate (slightly faster than one compression a second - push hard, push fast).
4. Give 2 breaths after every 30 compressions
After 30 of these chest compressions, give 2 breaths.
Continue with cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths.
Do this until they begin to recover, an automated external defibrillator (AED) is used, or emergency help arrives.
What to do when your baby is choking?
What to do if your Child has a burn or scalds?
1. Put the injured area under cool water for 20 minutes
Cool the burn or scald immediately. Run cool water over it for around 20 minutes. This helps with pain and can reduce the risk of scarring and need for surgery.
Only put cool water on the burnt skin. Try to keep your child warm by using layers of clothing or a blanket. This is to prevent hypothermia. This is where their body temperature drops to less than 35 degrees Celsius. This is more likely to happen if the burn is large and you are cooling a large area of skin.
Only use burn gels or hydrogels if there is no cool running water nearby. Always apply cool water after using burn gels or hydrogels. A hydrogel is a gel-like dressing for burns.
If you can't apply cool water immediately, do it as soon as possible after the injury.
2. Remove clothing and accessories
- Remove any nappies, clothing and jewellery near the injury, unless they are stuck to the skin.
- If a piece of clothing is stuck to skin do not remove it, cut around it.
3. Do not put anything on the injury
Don't put any of the following on the burn or scald:
- adhesive (sticky) dressings or plasters
4. Cover the burn loosely with non-fluffy cloth or cling film
- Cover the injury loosely if it is likely to rub against objects.
- Use a clean dry non-fluffy cloth or cling film to loosely cover it - a clean plastic bag may be used if the injury is on the hand.
- Don't wrap the burnt area too tight. This is because swelling may lead to further injury.
- Do not pop any blisters. Blisters prevent skin infection.
5. Getting medical attention and when to call an ambulance
Call 112 or 999 for an ambulance if:
- the burn or scald is above the neck
- your child has difficulty breathing
- your child is unresponsive
Helpful Apps and Information
The Irish Red Cross and St John Ambulance Ireland have free apps for your phone.
First aid training
Training in how to give basic first aid to babies and children is available:
Organisations that offer this include:
Phone: 1890 502 502
Phone: 01 643 0000
Phone: 01 668 8077
The Irish Heart Foundation offers certified training in CPR. More information is available here.